Unlock the power of AWS monitoring with our comprehensive guide. Explore best practices, effective strategies, and essential tools to optimize performance, bolster security, and extract maximum value from your AWS infrastructure.

Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a household tool used for building and deployment. AWS simplifies building scalable cloud-native applications and provides AWS Monitoring tools for monitoring the infrastructure and the applications deployed.

Although this has been useful over the years, applications are getting more complex. The built-in monitoring tools provided by Amazon are a layer of complexity, and they can not match the speedy pace of complexity.  

This guide provides a comprehensive explanation of how to monitor your AWS infrastructure and its complexities in the new normal. It also explores various tools and services required to monitor AWS environments effectively for peak performance and health of your applications.

Table of Contents

What is AWS Monitoring?

AWS Monitoring involves collecting and analyzing data about the infrastructure, services, and applications running in the Amazon cloud. The primary objective of AWS monitoring is to ensure that the infrastructure is performing optimally. 

AWS monitoring tools capture and analyze system metrics such as CPU usage, memory usage, and network traffic. They enable full-stack visibility into applications, providing insights such as transactions, requests, database queries, and API calls. 

Why is AWS Monitoring Important?

AWS Monitoring is crucial because:

  1. Developers can detect bottlenecks and adjust infrastructure by monitoring metrics such as CPU usage, memory usage, and network traffic.
  1. AWS monitoring allows developers to respond promptly to incidents, ensuring minimal service disruptions, whether infrastructure or application issues. This proactive approach minimizes performance degradation that could lead to customer and user dissatisfaction.
  1. It empowers developers to detect security threats in real-time, allowing them to take proactive steps to prevent data breaches or other malicious activities that can significantly impact businesses. 
  1. As AWS operates a pay-as-you-go model, visibility into data usage eases the optimization of cloud resources’ usage. Insights into the most-used and less-used resources result in better cost management.
  1. Monitoring resource utilization also eases the prediction of future usage patterns. The ability to forecast capacity needs helps prevent over- or under-provisioning of resources, ensuring resource usage is optimized while maintaining service levels.

What are the benefits of AWS monitoring?

Effective monitoring is crucial in ensuring your AWS infrastructure’s optimal performance and security. In this section, we explore five key benefits of AWS monitoring:

benefits of AWS monitoring

1. Early Detection of Issues

AWS monitoring enables you to track the performance of your applications and infrastructure, discover issues affecting the applications, and take timely action to mitigate such issues.

You can also set up alerts and notifications to be informed as soon as something goes wrong. Early detection minimizes downtime, reduces system or application failures, and ensures business continuity.

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Detect AWS issues before they effect your systems.

2. Improved Performance

Tracking the performance of your applications helps you identify areas for improvement. Since AWS monitoring provides insights into network traffic and server activity, you can use this data to optimize performance and improve customer and user experience.

3. Better Security and Compliance

AWS Security Hub collects security alerts from various AWS security services, compliance checks, and security-related findings calculated from AWS resources.

This helps developers identify suspicious activity, guard against threats, and take appropriate actions. AWS monitoring helps you enforce compliance by tracking activity, logging events, and configuring resources correctly.

4. Cost Optimization

AWS monitoring helps you optimize your costs by identifying resource wastage and underutilization. You can track resource usage and modify resource allocation to reduce unnecessary spending.

This cost optimization ensures payment only for the required resources, reducing unnecessary spending and maximizing your AWS investment.

5. Increased Availability & Business Continuity

When AWS monitoring is properly set up, businesses can proactively identify and respond to potential issues before they can cause downtime or negatively impact application performance.

This increased visibility and proactive approach to monitoring ultimately improve overall system and application availability, leading to higher uptime and better user experience.

How Does AWS Monitoring in Middleware Work

Step 1: Define your AWS Monitoring Goals

As a software developer, your key goal is to ensure that the developed software performs optimally and is reliable, efficient, and user-friendly.

To achieve this, your monitoring goal should include metrics that align with your organization’s objectives, reduce risks, and maximize application ROI. These metrics or goals may include the following:

Application Performance Monitoring (APM)This helps optimize the application’s runtime performance, response time, and throughput. With APM, you can identify bottlenecks and other performance issues.

Monitoring application performance is important because it highlights issues that can impair the customer experience, leading to customer dissatisfaction and brand damage.

APM helps achieve consistent performance, streamline resource allocation, and reduce the overall cost of running applications in AWS.
Infrastructure MonitoringInfrastructure monitoring focuses on the infrastructure resources that support applications, such as servers, databases, and network devices.

Monitoring infrastructure enables the identification of performance glitches, security incidents, and other underlying issues that may impact the application, service, or infrastructure.

Non-conformances and performance glitches cost organizations time, money, and resources, reducing business efficiency. This is what Infrastructure monitoring prevents.
Log MonitoringLog monitoring helps to track and analyze logs generated by applications and infrastructure components. It helps developers to identify errors, performance issues, and security incidents.

By monitoring application logs, developers can quickly identify the root cause of problems and take appropriate corrective action before further damage occurs.
Security MonitoringSecurity monitoring helps detect, provide alerts against and prevent unauthorized access, data leaks, potential threats, and breaches, thereby ensuring the application’s and data’s security.

By continuously monitoring security logs in AWS, you can minimize downtime, protect assets, prevent unauthorized access, and mitigate compliance risks.
Capacity PlanningCapacity planning is all about monitoring your infrastructure’s usage patterns to optimize resources effectively, so you can ensure maximum application performance without overspending on resources or even under-provisioning.

Capacity planning enables organizations to plan for resource growth, measure resource utilization, and right-size instances, identify cost optimizations, and ensure consistent application performance.

Step 2: Integrate AWS Cloud Watch with Middleware

As of June 2023, Middleware only supports monitoring AWS Cloud Watch, but more integrations are underway. 

We use AWS Metric Streams, a service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS) that enables real-time streaming of AWS CloudWatch metrics. To begin with, you need to set up a  Delivery stream and a Metric stream. 

Here’s a link to the docs that explain this process in detail. 

Step 3: Display Metrics and Log in Middleware Log section

Once you have integrated the AWS service with Middleware, you will be redirected to the dashboard that will pull in metrics and log data for you:

AWS cloudwatch monitoring dashboard

You can get data like:

  • Total Metrics update (for multiple streams)
  • Call count (for multiple conditions)
  • Publish error rate (for multiple streams)

Similarly, if you would like to get custom metrics and add custom data to your default dashboard, you can simply create a custom dashboard at the click of a button.

Once you enter the custom dashboard builder flow, it will ask you to select the widget type (choose between Timeseries, Bar, Heatmaps, and others), data source, metrics stream, metrics and other parameters that you would like to monitor:

creating a custom dashboard for monitoring AWS enviroment

You can always navigate back to the default dashboard. It can be found under the AWS Cloudwatch section from the left-hand side menu of the platform. 

Best AWS Monitoring Tools

There are two categories of AWS monitoring tools: first-party and third-party tools. 

AWS First-Party Monitoring Tools

AWS First-Party Monitoring tools are tools Amazon offers for monitoring infrastructure, applications, and services hosted in AWS. First-party tools are built-in services with a single console.

There are two AWS first-party monitoring tools: AWS CloudTrail and AWS CloudWatch. 

1. AWS CloudTrail

This tool is a web service that records AWS API calls for monitoring, auditing, compliance, and investigative purposes. CloudTrail provides a fully searchable log of who did what and when which allows businesses to determine the responsible party for all actions taken on AWS infrastructure resources. 

You can set up CloudTrail to send notifications when specific events occur, such as creating a new Amazon EC2 instance or deleting a security group. CloudTrail logs can also be used to monitor changes to AWS service limits.

This helps ensure your dev actions stay within prescribed AWS limits to avoid unexpected charges or service interruptions.

2. AWS CloudWatch

This is a monitoring service provided by AWS that tracks metrics, logs, and events that can impact the AWS resources and the applications being run on them.

This tool provides real-time insight into the performance of applications running on AWS, including metrics such as CPU usage, memory usage, disk usage, and network traffic. 

AWS CloudWatch offers customizable dashboards, alarms, and aggregated monitoring data. You can receive real-time information through the alerting tool and respond more proactively, resulting in quicker resolution times.

This results in minimal service disruptions and the ability to achieve a consistent, high-quality service level.

AWS Third-Party Monitoring Tools

AWS third-party monitoring tools are cloud monitoring tools that are not provided by AWS but are compatible and can be integrated with the AWS platform via APIs.

They provide an additional layer of monitoring, analytics, and automation. Below are three efficient AWS third-party monitoring tools:

1. Middleware

AWS Monitoring tool, Middleware

Middleware is an all-in-one monitoring tool designed to monitor the performance of hybrid applications. It provides real-time application-level monitoring, providing businesses with complete visibility of their AWS infrastructure. 

Middleware provides a full-stack view of an application, highlighting infrastructure bottlenecks and recommending efficiency enhancements. Middleware also provides alerting and notifications, enabling businesses to detect and resolve incidents immediately.

2. Datadog

Datadog is a cloud-based monitoring tool that provides end-to-end visibility into application performance, logs, and infrastructure-related metrics. It provides an intuitive dashboard that aggregates and visualizes various metrics, including AWS infrastructure, network, logs, and applications.

Datadog's AWS monitoring dashboard

3. New Relic

New Relic is another cloud-based monitoring solution designed to identify and solve problems faster. New Relic provides real-time insights into applications, infrastructure, and customer experiences.

The tool provides end-to-end tracing of requests across multiple AWS services and identifies bottlenecks that impact application performance.

New Relic AWS monitoring

AWS Monitoring Best Practices

Here are three AWS monitoring best practices you can implement today: 

1. Define Monitoring Goals

To define your monitoring goals, identify your critical metrics and KPIs and align them with your project’s objectives. Identify critical infrastructure resources.

Define monitoring frequency, and determine the acceptable threshold for each metric. By defining monitoring goals, you can prioritize your monitoring tasks and ensure proper coverage.

2. Collect and Analyze Data from All Areas of Your AWS Environment

Monitor everything—network traffic, server utilization, as well as resource usage, network performance, security events, and logs. You can leverage the AWS CloudWatch service to get detailed insights into your AWS environment, supporting a deeper understanding of your resources’ performance, utilization, and throughput.

3. Use the Right AWS Monitoring Tools

AWS offers various monitoring tools, such as AWS CloudWatch, AWS CloudTrail, and AWS Config, that can help you monitor different aspects of your environment. Each tool is designed to give you specific insights that can help keep your AWS environment running optimally. 

There are, however, third-party tools that provide additional features for granular monitoring. Choose a tool that will provide the information required to manage your environment’s performance, security and compliance and keep your infrastructure running smoothly.

Also, ensure your monitoring tools are compatible with existing systems and applications.


AWS monitoring is essential for businesses to ensure optimal performance, security, compliance, business continuity, and cost optimization.

Start monitoring your AWS enviroment in under a minute.

Although Amazon Web Services (AWS) provides tools that enable monitoring, these tools need to be more comprehensive.

Middleware is a powerful application and systems monitoring solution that helps developers monitor infrastructure, applications, and services.

Middleware provides real-time monitoring capabilities, customizable dashboards, data aggregation, and analytics tools designed to work seamlessly with AWS infrastructure, simplifying maintenance and optimizing AWS usage. Learn more and give it a try today!