Explore Golang monitoring's vital role in ensuring performance, reliability, and swift issue resolution. Delve into basics, benefits, and top tools in this article.

Developers continue to seek faster production cycles and iterate with solutions that quicken the Software delivery lifecycle. They iterate with cloud service providers, container orchestration tools, and programming languages and leapfrog from tool to tool. 

APM content CTA

Monitor your Golang based applications with Middleware.

As an open-sourced, statically typed high-level programming language, Golang offers code efficiency for faster software delivery. Also known as Go, Google developed it in 2007 to outmatch other programming languages like C, JavaScript, and Python in speed. 

Although Golang bears syntactical similarity to the C programming language, it is built with greater simplicity as it possesses garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency.

However, given Golang’s vastness, it requires proper monitoring for run-time efficiency. In this article, we deep-dive into Golang monitoring and its importance in the efficiency of Golang applications. 

Table of Contents

What is Golang monitoring?

Golang monitoring is the practice of managing Golang infrastructures and observing the performance of its applications. It involves collecting and analyzing performance data and tracking applications’ availability to understand their behaviors and ensure proper service delivery.

Monitor your Golang applications to find performance bottlenecks.

Golang application monitoring enables developers to identify issues, optimize performance, and ensure that the application functions as intended. Having a glance at the whole Golang architecture reveals the health status of every application and helps with quick discovery and troubleshooting of problems.

It is a monitoring best practice to gather relevant metrics such as memory storage, error rates, and latency for effective results. Setting up a notification feature for alerting is also vital, as well as monitoring dependencies to understand how they affect your Golang application’s performance.

The monitoring exercise is crucial for distributed applications and microservices, which are composed of many small services running on different virtual machines. Identifying the source of performance issues or errors could be difficult without monitoring such environments.

Importance of performance monitoring in Golang applications

Golang application performance monitoring fosters the availability and scalability of Golang applications. Some of the key importance of Golang performance monitoring are:

Importance of performance monitoring in Golang applications

1. Error tracking

Golang performance monitoring enables you to keep track of errors in your application and enables quick response to the same. By keeping tabs on key metrics such as memory usage, CPU utilization, and network traffic, you can detect timely errors and fix them before they go out of hand. This helps enhance user experience.

2. Services and API performance

Monitoring your Golang applications provides you with services and API performance metrics, which are resourceful information for improving your applications. These metrics may include the most frequently used endpoints, excessive resource consumption, and slow queries, and they help you maintain the reliability of your software.

3. Latency checks 

An application that takes longer than three seconds to load loses users and potential customers. Latency checks provide information about your Golang application’s performance too slowly and provide root cause analysis to optimize software health.

4. Performance feedback

Real-time and real-life data on application performance helps in the overall optimization of Golang infrastructures. Monitoring provides you with intelligence-based data on application performance, which helps in the troubleshooting exercise. These data are sometimes displayed in charts and graphs depending on the implemented monitoring tools.

5. Timely Alerts

Golang application monitoring also provides timely and timeous alerts on inconsistent performance or misbehavior, such as memory leaks, suspicious intrusion, or when certain thresholds are exceeded. You can configure this alert feature to send notifications on critical events to specific teams that will take action. This real-time error detection feature helps minimize application downtime by enabling swift troubleshooting and fixing.

Top 5 Golang Monitoring Best Practices

Following golang monitoring best practices goes beyond simply checking if your application is running. It empowers you to proactively identify potential issues, diagnose problems faster, and ensure optimal performance and user experience. Now, let’s dive into the top 5 golang monitoring best practices: 

Instrument your code

Start by strategically adding small chunks of your code to collect data about the respective application’s internal working. Use libraries like OpenTracing or Prometheus to see relevant metrics such as request latency, memory usage, and database interaction times.

This approach will provide granular insights into application performance, which comes in handy while pinpointing bottlenecks and troubleshooting issues.  

Implement effective logging

Though Golang’s standard library provides a log package, you can look into libraries like logrus or zap for better features. You can use different log levels like INFO, WARN, and ERROR to prioritize events. To make things even more clear to analyze, include context information like timestamps, user IDs, and request details.

This way, you can get a chronological record of events that’s again useful for debugging, tracing application flow, and understanding user behavior.

Choose the right monitoring tool

This aspect is subjective as it depends on your requirements and budgets. Nonetheless, while choosing a monitoring tool, look for features like custom dashboards, alerts, anomaly detection, and integration with other tools.

If your budgets are too tight, you can even consider open-source options. At the end of the day, what you need is a comprehensive monitoring tool that offers a centralized location to visualize metrics, receive notifications for critical events, and track application health over time. 

Alerting on key metrics

It’s important you define thresholds for important metrics like CPU usage, database errors, API response times, or others from the very beginning. Once that’s done, set up alerts to get notified when those thresholds are breached, indicating potential issues. This enables proactive problem detection, allowing developers to address issues before they become major incidents.

Automate Monitoring

Automate monitoring tasks such as data collection, alert triggers, and incident workflows to boost your efficiency. Always integrate monitoring tools with continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipelines for proactive feedback. This helps reduce manual work, ensures consistency, and enables faster feedback loops for continuous improvement.

How does Golang application monitoring work?

Golang application monitoring is automated to discover application topology and interdependencies and trace application behavior. It gives end-to-end visibility into your Golang environment, including its infrastructures, architecture, and applications.

It works by collecting and analyzing various metrics, data points and  logs from a running Golang application, then displaying them on the dashboard for visibility or using them to send alerts. Go monitoring often follows this sequence:

Step 1: Instrumentation

To collect requisite metrics for monitoring, the Golang application is instrumented. This is done by adding code monitoring libraries to the application to capture critical metrics, such as CPU usage, memory consumption, error rates, network traffic, and request latency.

Step 2: Data Collection

Once the application is instrumented, data collection commences. The relevant data can be collected in the log files, system performance counters, or through any available features in a specialized monitoring tool.

Step 3: Data Aggregation 

The collected or gathered data are aggregated and stored in a central location, such as a Golang database or monitoring system. This process allows for easy analysis of metrics.

Step 4: Visualization

The data or metrics are then visualized in a comprehensive display. This could be in dashboards that display end-to-end visibility into the Golang applications with charts and graphs showing events’ trends in real-time. The insights gathered from the monitoring exercise can be used to improve Golang applications.

Golang monitoring allows you to proactively identify and address issues with your application, optimize performance, and ensure availability for your users. The monitoring exercise is easily implemented using a comprehensive monitoring tool.

Step 5: Data Analysis

The collected and aggregated data are analyzed to identify patterns or anomalies that may indicate issues with the Golang application. For instance, you might look at CPU or memory usage trends over time or for correlations between request latency and error rates.

Step 6: Alerting

At this stage, alerts can be configured to notify you when certain events occur, such as high memory usage or an increase in error rates.

Monitoring Golang applications with Middleware

Middleware follows the six-tiered process of Golang monitoring highlighted above. After installing the Middleware agent, the agent instruments your application, collects data about your application and its dependencies, aggregates it, analyzes it, and presents it as logs and traces in a unified dashboard

The dashboard displays the requisite information about your Golang application. To view errors and performance leaks in your Golang application, you can check the logs list, an example of which is graphically illustrated below:

Traces view in Golang monitoring, Middleware

Best Golang Monitoring Tools

Three of the best Golang Monitoring tools are: 


Middleware is a monitoring and alerting tool for managing Golang architecture at the application, endpoint, and customer levels. It gives end-to-end visibility into your Golang Infrastructures and provides root cause analysis of issues causing bottlenecks, thereby enhancing end-user experience.

Middleware is built upon the eBPF approach to application performance management. This tool is highly sophisticated, with mechanisms that display end-to-end visibility of your Golang applications and their dependencies. In addition, it has notification features that help you set alerts for the most critical metrics or events.

Best Golang Monitoring Tool, Middleware.

Middleware gathers all correlating metrics, logs, KPIs, traces, and data in real-time in one all-encompassing platform. Apart from simply detecting errors, this monitoring solution provides analysis that helps you properly troubleshoot and fix your applications. It is also an effective monitoring solution for Kubernetes and Node.js applications.


Prometheus is an open-source cloud monitoring tool built with a multi-dimensional data model that collects and stores time-series data and a flexible query language known as PromQL that helps in the real-time selection and aggregation of time-series data.

Prometheus for Golang Monitoring

The tool effectively juxtaposes data from previous events with the system’s current situation. This helps you to understand the progress or otherwise of your Golang application’s performance. It also has a notification feature that sends alerts at important but critical events.


Grafana is a monitoring tool with great visualization and dashboarding features that display the performance or condition of your application in charts and graphs for easier interpretation and understanding. It runs data analytics on your Golang infrastructures and provides insight into the Golang environment and performance.


With Grafana, you can create visualizations, such as graphs, tables, and alerts, and organize them into dashboards to monitor and analyze real-time data. It also offers templating, annotations, and alerts to help users build complex, customized dashboards.


For its speed, flexibility, and scalability, developers have migrated from other programming languages to Golang, an excellent language for building high-performance and scalable services. Although Golang provides various built-in tools and libraries for monitoring applications, such as profiling, tracing, and metrics collection, these tools do not possess end-to-end visibility features.

Start monitoring your Golang applications under a minute!

The monitoring ecosystem in Golang is continually evolving and expanding, with numerous open-source libraries and tools available to developers. Golang’s simplicity, concurrency support, and built-in garbage collector make it an excellent language for building microservices, which can be monitored and managed effectively using these monitoring tools.

Monitoring is essential to ensuring that Golang applications perform optimally and reliably. By leveraging the correct monitoring tools like Middleware, developers can gain insight into their applications’ behavior and quickly diagnose and resolve issues, improving their reliability and uptime.

Middleware provides detailed performance data through graphical, end-to-end visibility that helps you discover faults and provides information on what needs to be improved.